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Atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis, otherwise known as atopic eczema, is a chronic inflammatory skin condition. It can occur at any age, but most often begins in infants. Many times it recedes in a few years - sometimes, however, it accompanies the person throughout his life. Atopic dermatitis is associated with other forms of allergy such as food allergy, asthma and allergic rhinitis.

How does atopic dermatitis appear?

In atopic dermatitis, the skin is dry, maybe pink or red in some places, and there is severe itching.

Who does atopic dermatitis affect?

Atopic dermatitis usually affects 20% infants and young children. It may persist into adulthood or appear for the first time in adulthood. In 50% of infants with atopic dermatitis, symptoms persist into adulthood.

What causes atopic dermatitis to flare up?

Factors that can trigger atopic dermatitis flare-ups include humidity, cold, seasonal allergies, stress and exposure to irritants.

Where is it due to?                                 

The cause of atopic dermatitis is not known, but the disease appears to result from a combination of genetic and environmental factors. 

What are the symptoms of atopic dermatitis?

The main symptom is itching which can be excruciating and wake the patient at night. Also, the skin is dry and red. The folds of the hands, knees, wrists, face, neck or overall the skin of the body can show the above symptoms. Skin infections (eg staph) occur at an increased frequency compared to the healthy population, as a result of scratching and the defective skin barrier that patients have.

What is the prognosis of atopic dermatitis?

Although the symptoms of atopic dermatitis are unpleasant for the individual, proper and comprehensive treatment offers significant relief to patients. The aim of the treatment is to keep the disease in long-term remission and to prevent its flare-ups and unpleasant complications. 

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